NKWK Water and Climate Conference: reports of the parallel sessions
Reports of the parallel sessions at the NKWK Water and Climate conference (Amsterdam, 11 April) are now available. The conference was co-organised by AWS and themed ‘New knowledge and opportunities’
The conference was well attended by 400 participants registered two rounds of parallel sessions. Four parallel sessions at the conference were built on AWS postdoc and pilot research projects. Two more sessions were co-organised by AWS researchers. Reports of all sessions are now available on the NKWK website.
Resilient large aquatic ecosystems
The AWS pilot 'Particle algae interaction in Markermeer' served as input for session 2A ‘Veerkrachtige ecosystemen grote wateren’ (‘Resilient large aquatic ecosystems’). Resilient large aquatic ecosystems are more resistant to threats such as climate change and sea level rise. Participants in the parallel session indicated that the concept of resilience often remains abstract and that there is a great need for translation into concrete measurable indicators. A working group is adressing this need.
The restoration and use of Dutch wetlands
Session 2B ‘De inrichting en het gebruik van laag Nederland’ (‘The restoration and use of Dutch wetlands’) built on the AWS pilot project 'Greenhouse gas balance of contrasting wetland restoration strategies'. The parallel session opened with three presentations on peatland drainage, innovation of farming methods, and robust freshwater supply. The key questions that emerged from the subsequent discussion were: What are the social and economic conditions for solutions? And what do we really know about the effects on water quality and greenhouse gas emissions?
CO2 in fresh and salt water
Session 2C ‘CO2 in zoet en zout water’ ('CO2 in fresh and salt water') built on the AWS postdoc project 'The contribution of atmospheric CO2 to phytoplankton productivity in eutrophic lakes' and led with a series of presentations on CO2 in fresh and salt water and ocean acifidication. The outcome of the session is the planning of a working group aimed to set up a monitoring programme. "As long as CO2 concentrations are not measured in Dutch waters, we will not be able to determine whether these waters absorb or give off CO2."
When the dykes breach
Session 2D ‘Als de dijken breken’ ('When the dykes breach’) included results from the AWS pilot 'Extreme weather and chain effects'. The parallel session discussed the themes of flood defence, crisis management and their consequences. The interfaces between these themes offer opportunities. From the discussion it became clear that the exchange of information is essential to be able to identify opportunities in situations of failure, set norms and develope operational perspectives. In addition, increasing the awareness of companies and administrators is essential.
Water data and models: ideas for the future
The purpose of Session 1E ‘Waterdata en modellen: de nieuwste ideeën voor de toekomst!?’ (‘Water data and models: the latest ideas for the future!?) was to develop a joint knowledge agenda: how can we improve and use water data and models for: 1. Baseline forecasts of freshwater from the National Water Model; 2. Use of social media in floods; 3. Setting up a national model for water pollution?
Adaptation in the city: costs and benefits
Session 2E was titled ‘Adaptatie in de stad met focus op kosten en baten’ (‘Adaptation in the city with a focus on costs and benefits’). The participants discussed that most important is the implementation of adaptation projects in the city. Together, the participants appointed opportunities and barriers to implement. A cost-benefit analysis can help break barriers, for example in obtaining funding.
Other parallel sessions
Reports of six other parallel sessions (in Dutch) are also available on the NKWK website:
- Uitdagingen en best practices voor implementatie van Nature Based Solutions
- Lumbricus; kennisprogramma voor een klimaatrobuust bodem- en watersysteem
- Veranderende rivieren: Rijn en Maas in 2050
- Kennisprogramma Natte Kunstwerken
- Water en energie: krachten bundelen
- Innovatief samenwerken in de gouden driehoek